Identity or Recognition - Being a part of a gang allows the members to achieve a level of status they feel they cannot achieve outside of the gang's culture.
Protection - Kids join the gang because they live in a gang area and are subject to violence by rival gangs. Kids join in an attempt to obtain safety from this violence.
Fellowship and Brotherhood - The gang functions as an extersion of, or substitute for, the family and may provide companionship lacking in the home environment.
Intimidation - Some members may be forced into joining by peer groups. Intimidation techniques range from extorting lunch money to physical assault.